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In Russia the tradition of Masquerade has a cultural impetus to reforms Emperor Peter 1.

Prior to his dressing was mainly the prerogative of the Christmas and oil rites and cultivated among the people at the level of mass culture. In the secular culture of pre-Petrine era about any dressing up in a strange suit could not be and speeches The reforms of Peter 1 affected not only the public, social and political structure, but radically changed the scope of life. Dressed in Dutch dress, the young King Peter opened the curtain of the first and probably most radical masquerade as whatever was happening and Russia. Peter's reforms for the mass Russian man came in the form of terrible masquerade. Peter 1 not only introduced to Russia the European costume, and dressed her in "Alien" costume, while encroaching not only on clothing but also on the very face his subjects, forcing them to shave their beards. Not accidentally Russian philosophers Slavophiles accused Peter 1 that he divided the people, dressed nobility in European clothes. Nobility thus not only separated from the peasantry but was perceived by its own people as "foreigners", dressed in someone else's "German" dress.

Realizing the depth of influence on mass consciousness of theatrical performances Peter 1 began to use elements of disguise in their struggle for reform. Thus arose and began to develop in Russia the tradition of allegorical masquerades which came to the fore allegorical subjects most often with didactic overtones expressed by a set of scenes and gestures. Such masquerades been carefully designed and orchestrated staged as serious theatrical performances. Drew and built sets, sewed special costumes, the actors rehearsed the role, and the audience looked at this performance of windows and balconies and rooftops.

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